The Constitutional Court has sentenced former President Jacob Zuma to 15 months in jail.
It said he was in contempt of court when he failed to appear and participate at the state capture inquiry.
Justice Sisi Khampepe handed the down the judgment on Tuesday morning, saying court considered an unsuspended jail team of two years but that this matter was extraordinary.
“The Constitutional Court holds that there can be no doubt that Mr Zuma is in contempt of court. A judgment order was handed down in favour of the applicant [the Zondo commission]. Mr Zuma was served with the order, and it is impossible to conclude anything other than that he was unequivocally aware of what it exactly required of him. Never before has the authority of the Constitutional Court been threatened, never before has the judiciary been threatened.”
The Constitutional Court is the highest court in South Africa, which means Zuma cannot appeal this ruling through the national judicial system.
Zuma has been ordered to submit himself to Nkandla Police Station or the Johannesburg Central Police Station in five days.
Justice Khampepe said: “Not only has Mr Zuma failed to dispute the contempt of court, he has also failed to contest the decree of the contempt. Instead, he has aggravated it, the majority judgment orders an unsuspended sentence of imprisonment for a period of 15 months.”